Here Are The 8 Basic Elements of Fine Art That You Must Know


Like other works of art, works of art also have elements that shape them.

INPHEDIA.ID -- There are many kinds of art in this world that are legendary, one of them is art. Fine art is one branch of art whose results can be enjoyed with the sense of sight and palpation. Art works or visual art works that have real forms.

Until now, art works are one of the works of art that are still in demand by many people because their work feels "real". Like other works of art, works of art also have elements that shape them. No matter how simple the results of his work.

Although the results of simple art work, the work is formed from several elements which are referred to as the basic elements of art. Art works were originally formed from the basic elements of art that are interrelated with each other so as to form a complete work.

In general, there are eight basic elements of art that can form a work of art, namely points, lines, fields, shapes, textures, colors, space and depth and dark light.

1. Point

Titik is the first element of fine art. Sadjiman Ebdi Sanyoto, author of Nirmana; Fundamentals of Art and Design (2009) argue, it is generally understood that a form is called a point because of its small size, small because the object is in a large area and when the same object can be said to be large if it is applied in a narrow area "

Point elements are usually used in the smallest parts of a work of art. Painting techniques that use a combination of various point sizes and colors are known as Pointilism.

2. Lines

Lines are scratches from an object, field, space, texture, color and so on. Based on the type, lines are divided into straight lines, curved lines, long lines, short lines, horizontal lines, vertical lines, diagonal lines, dotted lines and others.

Of the various types, it gives each of their impressions such as the impression of symbolism, movement, ideas and more. Meanwhile, based on its form the line is divided into two, namely the real line and pseudo line. The lines included in the basic elements of art are also important.

3. Field

In the results of two-dimensional works of art, fields are formed because of the linking of lines which limits a form. The field itself has dimensions of length and width or commonly called flat.

When viewed from its shape, the field consists of the fields of biomorphosis (organic), geometric fields, irregular fields and angular fields. In the basic elements of art, there are basic fields, namely the quadrilateral, triangle, circle, trapezium and so on.

4. Shape

The next basic element of art is Form. Form is a form that is found in nature and looks real. Can also be called, form is a complex element because it has 3 dimensions, namely length, width, and height which are joined together to form a volume or content.

In general, forms are divided into two, namely regular and irregular shapes. Examples are box, round, ornamental, cubistic or cylindrical.

5. Texture

Texture is an element in which the element is the nature of an object. These properties can seem rough, halur, shiny, slippery, and so on. From the shape and type the texture is divided into two types.

The two textures, which are pseudo-textures which are not real or impression when looking and touching it differently, and the texture are the same from the surface of the object when seen and touched. Texture serves to give certain characters to the surface area which can give rise to aesthetic values.

6. Color

Color is a reflection of light on objects that have certain pigments. Colors are grouped into primary colors, secondary colors, tertiary colors, analogous and complementary. Color is one of the essential elements of fine art.

7. Room or Depth

In three-dimensional works of art, space can be felt directly by connoisseurs of art such as rooms in buildings, homes, schools and others. Every definite form has space, therefore space is a basic element of art that must exist.

According to Sadjiman Ebdi Sanyoto, space is divided into two types, namely two-dimensional / dwimatra and three-dimensional / tridimensional space.

8. Dark Light

The last basic element of art is Dark Light. An object can have a different light intensity in each part. The same is true of fine arts. By giving the basic elements of bright dark art a profound impression or difference in contrast to a work of art.

Bright dark hair is divided into two, namely chiaroscuro which is a gradual transition or gradation and silhouette which is a shadow without gradual transition or gradation. (SS.IN/SR/ENG)

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